justice


justice
justice, equity are comparable primarily in their legal uses and when they denote the act, practice, or obligation of giving or rendering to a person or thing what is his or its due (as in conformity with right, truth, or the dictates of reason). Justice is by far the wider-ranging term, for it may apply to an abstraction which represents an ideal
{

he flamed out against injustice because he was a lover of justicePerry

}
or to a quality of mind which exhibits adherence to this ideal
{

nothing escaped the kind eyes, the far-seeing love, that punished and praised with that calm justice which children so keenly appreciate— Deland

}
or to a quality in a thing which never departs from the truth in the slightest degree
{

he painted a psychological portrait of himself which for its serenely impartial justice, its subtle gradations . . . has all the qualities of the finest Velasquez— Ellis

}
or to the treatment accorded one who has transgressed a law, whether a divine law, a natural law, or the law of a state, or who seeks relief when wronged or protection when his rights are threatened
{

at the present time . . . there is more danger that criminals will escape justice than that they will be subjected to tyranny— Justice Holmes

}
or to the system of courts of law whereby the rights of an individual or his innocence or guilt are determined in accordance with the laws of the state
{

in the modern state .... Justice and administration are directly connected with whatever governs— Belloc

}
Equity differs from justice chiefly in being more restricted in its denotation, for it usually implies a justice that transcends the strict letter of the law and is in keeping with what is reasonable rather than with what is merely legal. It is in this sense that a court of equity is, theoretically at least, distinguished from a court of law. To the former go for adjudication and settlement the unusual cases where abstract justice might not be dealt out according to the limitations of the written law while to the latter go the vast majority of cases where the determination of facts is of first importance and where the law, once the facts are established, provides the treatment to be accorded the person or parties involved
{

in informal terms, a law case is one where the courts have only to decide who is right; an equity case is one where the courts have to decide not only who is right, but go on to say what must be done— Science

}
But equity in nonlegal use implies a justice based upon a strictly impartial meting out of what is due (as rewards and punishments or praise and blame)
{

that noble word liberal, which in America has become dissociated from its essential humanism and sense of equityUstinov

}
{

the union claimed that the lower wages paid to aliens were not in keeping with any principle of equity

}

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JUSTICE — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Justice (homonymie). Avertissement : cet article traite principalement de la conception occidentale de la justice qui a tendance à se généraliser au XXIe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • justice — [ ʒystis ] n. f. • 1080; lat. justitia 1 ♦ Juste appréciation, reconnaissance et respect des droits et du mérite de chacun. ⇒ droiture, équité, impartialité, intégrité, probité. Agir avec justice. « La justice est le respect de la dignité humaine …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Justice — is the concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, fairness and equity. A conception of justice is one of the key features of society. Theories of justice vary greatly, but there is evidence that everyday views of… …   Wikipedia

  • justice — Justice, Iustitia. Aspre, et fort estroicte, ou rigoureuse justice, Abscissior iustitia. Justice est logée en l entendement, Consedit in mente iustitia. S il n estoit ainsi, justice ne bonté n auroit aucun lieu entre les hommes, Quod ni ita se… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • justice — jus·tice / jəs təs/ n [Old French, from Latin justitia, from justus just] 1 a: the quality of being just, impartial, or fair it is not the province of the court to decide upon the justice or injustice...of these laws Scott v. Sanford, 60 U.S. 393 …   Law dictionary

  • justice — Justice. s. f. Vertu morale, qui rend à chacun ce qui luy appartient. La justice est la Reine des vertus. ce Prince gouverne avec justice. les Estats sans justice sont de grands brigandages. chacun le sien, c est justice. il n y a point de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Justice — • In its ordinary and proper sense, signifiies the most important of the cardinal virtues Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Justice     Justice      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • JUSTICE — has widely been said to be the moral value which singularly characterizes Judaism both conceptually and historically. Historically, the Jewish search for justice begins with biblical statements like Justice (Heb. ẓedek), justice shall ye pursue… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Justice — Jus tice (j[u^]s t[i^]s), n. [F., fr. L. justitia, fr. justus just. See {Just}, a.] [1913 Webster] 1. The quality of being just; conformity to the principles of righteousness and rectitude in all things; strict performance of moral obligations;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • JUSTICE — is a human rights and law reform organisation based in the United Kingdom. It is the British section of the International Commission of Jurists, the international human rights organisation of lawyers devoted to the legal protection of human… …   Wikipedia

  • Justice — Justice …   Википедия